3. Upstairs brain/downstairs brain
One of the most helpful proactive strategies to prevent challenging behaviors in young children is to understand what is happening in their brains when children are having trouble behaving. The downstairs brain is the area of the brain that is very well developed at birth and is responsible for basic functions (breathing and digestion), big emotions (anger and frustration), and the fight, flight and freeze response. The upstairs brain, which is very underdeveloped in young children, is responsible for mature thinking, conscious thoughts, feelings, and memories.